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Vocal exercises for everyone
(elocution exercises below)

If you are interested in the difference between the vowel sounds in sit and seat please look at this page

Vowel Sounds

  • We have 5 vowels a,e,i,o,u and each letter makes more than one sound. For example the letter a in day, cat, and car
  • Diphthongs are vowel sounds made with two sounds this means your mouth should change shape for these sounds (see my video course for more help)    My house joins new road way
  • The only thing that alters the sound of  vowel is the shape of our mouth

i (eye) This is a diphthongal sound

Open your mouth wide enough to put three fingers in it vertically.

As you say the sound the shape of your mouth should alter from very open to a smile shape (see my video course)

The child smiles all of the time

High in the Pine tree

o (oh) This is a diphthongal sound 

Make a circle with your lips

Follow the arrows to avoid the snow

Don't moan about it though


a (ay) This is a diphthongal sound

Your mouth should change shape as you say this sound.

Your mouth should change shape

Eight o'clock is too late

The lady gave me the plate on friday

a (ah) 

Open your mouth wide enough to put three fingers in it vertically.

Your mouth doesn't change shape

My car is a very fast car

Stay calm, don’t argue 

For more help click here


You will see from the exercises above that the spelling of the word doesn't matter - it is the sound that is important. The 'ay' sound in 'eight' is the same as in 'date' even though one is 'ei' and the other 'a'. LIkewise, the 'oh' sound can be 'ou' or 'oa' or just 'o'. My video course covers this in more detail.


Consonant Sounds

Consonant sounds are made when 2 organs of speech touch and the 5 main organs of speech are:

Teeth, Tongue, Lips, Hard Palate, Soft Palate

Sound all the consonant sounds in each word, especially the 't' and 'd' sounds at the ends of the words and in the middle of words

Just wait and see, the coat and hat might fit you

The little girl was absolutely certain that the chocolate was hers

Tongue and teeth for the 'th' sound

Your tongue must be outside of your mouth before you start the 'th'sound

This sound can be at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a word

Practice the th sound with these sentences:

This is my finger, this is my thumb

Can I have another little brother

We both like living in the south of the country

'L' sound

The 'l' should be heard - only very quietly - in words like child, smile, adult etc. you must make sure that when you say 'mile' your tongue touches the roof of your mouth for the 'l' sound

The child smiles at the adult

Salt is bad for your health

 Above is a list of vocal exercises but a much more comprehensive list of vocal exercises (elocution exercises) can be found on my best selling online course.  All of these elocution vocal exercises must be said out loud. Repeat each one at least twice a day for speech improvement.

You might like these online courses - please read