A retirement speech - or farewell speech -can be given by the boss of the person retiring or by the person retiring themselves. It's often both - the employer says a few words and the employee replies with thanks.
A retirement speech can be given in various locations and at various times. It could be just a few words at the end of your last working day - in your office surrounded by a few close work mates. It could be at work - during the lunch break or after hours with a presentation of a gift to show appreciation of all the hard work done by the retiree. This would be followed by a few words of thanks. It might be a more formal event in a local restaurant - either during an extended lunch break or in the evening. The retirement speech could be very casual - perhaps just a few words in a local pub with work mates.
If you need help with a speech or just with gaining confidence when speaking - I can help you. Below is information about a speech by the employee and further down by the employer.
The longer you have worked for a company the more likely it is that you'll be expected to say something. It needn't be long - you might feel quite emotional (you might be pleased to leave!) so have anything you'd like to say written down and don't hesitate to read it if you need.
Say how much you will miss working with your colleagues and perhaps remind people of some memorable moments, these could be funny, serious or even sad. You can talk about any plans you have for the future.
Remember to address your thanks to everyone present - not just to the person who has spoken. This is especially true if you've been presented with a leaving present. It could be that other people in the workforce contributed as much, if not more, than the person who presented it.
If you're the employer, thank the employee for all their hard work. Unless it's a very casual event your speech will need to have had a bit of thought. The person retiring has put a lot of time and effort into helping the company and it's only polite to spend a few minutes remembering this. If you do not know the member of staff very well take the time to find out how they have contributed to the company and say how valuable they have been.
When you talk, direct your words - in the main - at the person retiring.
Open your mouth and imagine the words flying out of your mouth - if you want them to reach the retiree you'll need to look in the right direction otherwise they'll go somewhere else! Imagine your words are golf balls or tennis balls - they'll only go where they need to if you hit them in the right direction!